Biofeedback Techniques

Biofeedback is the process of gaining greater awareness of many physiological functions primarily using instruments that provide information on the activity of those same systems, with a goal of being able to manipulate them at will.[1][2] Some of the processes that can be controlled include brainwaves, muscle tone, skin conductance, heart rate and pain perception.[3]

Biofeedback may be used to improve health, performance, and the physiological changes that often occur in conjunction with changes to thoughts, emotions, and behavior. Eventually, these changes may be maintained without the use of extra equipment, for no equipment is necessarily required to practice biofeedback.[2]

Biofeedback has been found to be effective for the treatment of headaches and migraines.[4][5]

1^ Durand, Vincent Mark; Barlow, David (2009). Abnormal psychology: an integrative approach. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. pp. 331. ISBN 0-495-09556-7.

2
“What is Biofeedback”. (See bottom of page.). Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback. 18 May 2008. Retrieved 2015-03-05.

3 deCharms RC, Maeda F, Glover GH, et al. (December 2005). “Control over brain activation and pain learned by using real-time functional MRI”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 102 (51): 18626–31. Bibcode:2005PNAS..10218626D. doi:10.1073/pnas.0505210102. PMC 1311906 . PMID 16352728.

4  Nestoriuc Y, Martin A (March 2007). “Efficacy of biofeedback for migraine: a meta-analysis”. Pain. 128 (1–2): 111–27. doi:10.1016/j.pain.2006.09.007. PMID 17084028.

5  Nestoriuc Y, Martin A, Rief W, Andrasik F (September 2008). “Biofeedback treatment for headache disorders: a comprehensive efficacy review”. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 33 (3): 125–40. doi:10.1007/s10484-008-9060-3. PMID 18726688.

 

 

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