Boron (Update)


Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2003;43(2):219-31.

The physiological effects of dietary boron.


Boron may be an essential nutrient for animals and humans. Dietary boron influences the activity of many metabolic enzymes, as well as the metabolism of steroid hormones and several micronutrients, including calcium, magnesium, and vitamin D. Boron supplementation in rats and chicks has been shown to increase bone strength. Boron may also play a role in improving arthritis, plasma lipid profiles, and brain function. Additional research is necessary to further clarify boron’s influence in human and animal physiology, as well as determine a dietary requirement for humans.



Health Benefits of Boron

1) Boron Improves Bone Health

Bones of patients using boron supplements are much harder to cut than those of patients not using supplements (R).

The United States Department of Agriculture conducted an experiment in which postmenopausal women took 3 mg of boron a day. The results showed that supplemental boron reduced excretion of calcium by 44%, and activated estrogen and vitamin D, suggesting a possible role in the suppression of osteoporosis (R).

Boron supplementation elevates bone mineral density (R).

Boron improves calcium metabolism in those with postmenopausal deficiencies (R).

2) Boron is Anti-Inflammatory and Helps Arthritis

In 20 subjects with arthritis, half of the subjects improved when given 6 mg of supplemental boron/day, compared to only 10% receiving the placebo (R).

In areas of the world where boron intakes usually are 1.0 mg or less/day, the estimated incidence of arthritis ranges from 20 to 70%. In areas of the world where boron intakes are usually 3 to 10 mg, the estimated incidence of arthritis ranges from 0 to 10% (R).

There is lower boron concentrations in joint fluid from people with arthritis than from those without this disorder (R).

Boron increases the secretion of chemical mediators of inflammation which aids in healing, regenerating cells, and reducing inflammation (R).

Boron induces growth of anti-inflammatory and bacteria eating cells (phagocytes) that help fight infection. The stimulation of these cells triggers heightened immune response and strength in killing foreign bodies (R).

3) Boron Fights Cancer

Prostate-specific antigens (PSA) are linked with increased levels of IGF-1, which causes tumor growth (R).

Boron has been found to be an inhibitor of serine protease, especially PSA’s (R).

In mice, boric acid significantly decreased PSA and IGF-1 levels within the tumor (R).

A chemotherapy drug, Bortezomib, contains boronic acid and has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of Multiple Myeloma (cancer of plasma cells). This drug sensitizes cancerous cells to apoptosis (cell suicide) and enhances sensitivity to other chemotherapy medications (R).

Boric acid has also been found to cause the resistance of DNA damage that may go on to cause cancer (R).

Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT)  has been found in emerging studies to destroy cancer cells without killing surrounding healthy cells (R).

The injection of Boron elements has proven to inhibit growth and reduce the size of tumors in mice. This is done by utilizing high amounts of Boron to induce cell toxicity to the product, eventually killing the injected cells (R).

In mice with melanoma, this method also resulted in prolonged survival compared to those untreated (R).

4) Boron Increases Free Testosterone

Dietary supplements containing boron increase overall testosterone levels by increasing concentration of steroid hormones in the blood (R).

This can aid athletes in improving their performance and overall physical strength and appearance (R).

5) Boric Acid Treats Yeast Infections

Boric Acid is a popular treatment to use for vaginal yeast infections. The powder is used to kill the yeast and prevent further infections (R).

6) Boron Helps Gets Rid of Kidney Stones

10mg daily increased the rate of kidney stone excretion. It also decreased the level of pain felt (R).


  • Furthermore, it stimulated the secretion of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, NO and the expression of iNOS by the LPS-primed macrophages. The effect was dose-dependent and most significant at a dose level of 4.6 mg/kg b. wt (R).
  • It caused a dose-dependent increase in the antigen (OVA)-induced proliferation of the splenocytes, measured in terms of change in absorbance at 570 nm, showing a maximum increase (1.66 ± 0.08) at a dose of 4.6 mg/kg b. wt. borax, when compared with the stimulated group (0.92 ± 0.03) (R).
  • In a single-blind cross-over trial, it resulted in a significant increase in plasma 17-B estradiol (E2) concentration (P < 0.004) and there was a trend for plasma testosterone (T) levels to be increased (R).
  • Also, a measurement of glucan synthase activity in the membranes of strain YPH499 showed a constant decline with increasing BA concentrations (R).


Boron is found naturally in many foods consumed by humans on a daily basis. This includes fruits and vegetables such as apple’s, dates, prunes, raisins, and many nuts (R).

Boron Dosage

The normal dosage is 3mg a day.

The U.S. National Institutes of Health states that “Total daily boron intake in normal human diets ranges from 2.1–4.3 mg boron/day (R).

There is no recommended daily allowance. To stay on the safe side, adults should take no more than 20 mg per day by mouth. For vaginal infections, women should only use 600 mg of boric acid powder once or twice a day (R).

Side Effects

There are no long term side effects (R).

Boron toxicity rarely occurs because body easily expels it. Symptoms include gastrointestinal tract problems, confusion, menstrual irregularities, and convulsions (R).




Text under construction.

Human Case Study 1

In a recent scientific study, 10 mg of boron was given to healthy male volunteers, aged 18 – 29, every day for 7 consecutive days to test for for plasma steroid hormones.

At the end of the study, researchers found that free testosterone levels increased a whopping 28.3% (1)

Human Case Study 2

Another study on 13 participants with clinically diagnosed, low levels of Vitamin D were given 6 mgs of boron from calcium fructoborate for 60 days.

The study was intended to discover if boron supplementation would increase vitamin d levels but the participants were also tested for several other markers as well including testosterone.

At the end of the study the participants saw their DHEA levels increase on average by incredible 56% and an astounding 29.5% average boost in free testosterone levels! (2)


Boron Blocks SHBG

If you noticed, I said free testosterone levels increased. However, total testosterone levels did not take a statistically significant jump. So, what gives?

Boron has been found to reduce SHBG (sex hormone binding globulin) in the blood which may be at the core of its testosterone boost capabilities. (1)

The primary job of SHBG is to bind to sex hormones and prevent their effects.

That may sound odd but there is a reason for it and it does its job well. However, it can be annoying as it also has a limited benefit and the more you raise testosterone the more of it finds itself bound to SHBG.

By reducing the amount of SHBG, you increase the amount of free testosterone available to do what it does best, build muscle and increase strength!

In other words, boron appears to maximize what your body can do with the testosterone it’s already producing.


Boron Blocks Estrogen

In the above mentioned study (human case study 1) where men were given 10 mg of boron daily, their estrogen levels were also checked and the participants saw their estrogen levels decrease by and incredible average of -39%. (1)


Boron Increases Vitamin D Levels

In our mentioned human case study 2, the main point of the research was to discover if supplementing with boron would increase vitamin D levels.

Sure enough the researchers discovered vitamin D levels increased in the participants by 19.6%.

This is really big because vitamin D is at historic deficiency levels in men now and D is well regarded testosterone booster.


How to Supplement with Boron

Most benefits from boron supplementation have been seen within the range of 3 – 10 mg daily and it is considered generally safe at or below 20 mgs per day. (3)

I personally recommend taking 10 mgs per day to maximize your testosterone levels.

Alpha Wolf Nutrition’s natural testosterone booster Force X7 includes 10 mgs of boron in its formulation!



  1. Naghii, M.R., et al., Comparative effects of daily and weekly B supplementation on plasma steroid hormones and proinflammatory cytokines. J Trace Elem Med Biol, 2011. 25(1): p. 54-8. – Link
  2. Natasha Miljkovic. Vitamin D/ Steroid Hormone Homeostasis and Calcium Fructoborate Supplementation. March 2002. Department of Orthopedic Medicine at the University of Novi Sad – Link
  3. WebMD Safety – Link



The trace mineral boron is a micronutrient with diverse and vitally important roles in metabolism that render it necessary for plant, animal, and human health, and as recent research suggests, possibly for the evolution of life on Earth. As the current article shows, boron has been proven to be an important trace mineral because it (1) is essential for the growth and maintenance of bone; (2) greatly improves wound healing; (3) beneficially impacts the body’s use of estrogen, testosterone, and vitamin D; (4) boosts magnesium absorption; (5) reduces levels of inflammatory biomarkers, such as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α); (6) raises levels of antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and glutathione peroxidase; (7) protects against pesticide-induced oxidative stress and heavy-metal toxicity; (8) improves the brains electrical activity, cognitive performance, and short-term memory for elders; (9) influences the formation and activity of key biomolecules, such as S-adenosyl methionine (SAM-e) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+); (10) has demonstrated preventive and therapeutic effects in a number of cancers, such as prostate, cervical, and lung cancers, and multiple and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma; and (11) may help ameliorate the adverse effects of traditional chemotherapeutic agents. In none of the numerous studies conducted to date, however, do boron’s beneficial effects appear at intakes > 3 mg/d. No estimated average requirements (EARs) or dietary reference intakes (DRIs) have been set for boron—only an upper intake level (UL) of 20 mg/d for individuals aged ≥ 18 y. The absence of studies showing harm in conjunction with the substantial number of articles showing benefits support the consideration of boron supplementation of 3 mg/d for any individual who is consuming a diet lacking in fruits and vegetables or who is at risk for or has osteopenia; osteoporosis; osteoarthritis (OA); or breast, prostate, or lung cancer.

The trace mineral boron is a micronutrient with diverse and vitally important roles in metabolism that render it necessary for plant, animal, and human health, and, possibly, as recent research suggests, for the evolution of life on Earth. The current review focuses primarily on boron’s most salient effects on human health, including its impact on bone development and regeneration, wound healing, the production and metabolism of sex steroids and vitamin D, and the absorption and use of calcium and magnesium. In addition, boron has anti-inflammatory effects that can help alleviate arthritis and improve brain function and has demonstrated such significant anticancer effects that boronated compounds are now being used in the treatment of several types of cancer. A summary of the evidence suggesting that boron should be given consideration as an essential micronutrient is provided, together with leading dietary sources and intake recommendations.


Boron has been proven to be an important trace mineral because it (1) is essential for the growth and maintenance of bone; (2) greatly improves wound healing; (3) beneficially impacts the body’s use of estrogen, testosterone, and vitamin D; (4) boosts magnesium absorption; (5) reduces levels of inflammatory biomarkers, such as hs-CRP and TNF-α; (6) raises levels of antioxidant enzymes, such as SOD, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase; (7) protects against pesticide-induced oxidative stress and heavy-metal toxicity; (8) improves brain electrical activity, cognitive performance, and short-term memory in elders; (9) influences the formation and activity of key biomolecules, such as SAM-e and NAD+; (10) has demonstrated preventive and therapeutic effects in a number of cancers, such as prostate, cervical, and lung cancers and multiple and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma; and (11) may help ameliorate the adverse effects of traditional chemotherapeutic agents. Americans’ daily dietary intake of boron was estimated to be approximately 1 mg/d in 1999.

In none of the numerous studies conducted to date, however, do boron’s beneficial effects appear at intakes of less than 3 mg/d. No EARs or DRIs have been set for boron; only a UL of 20 mg/d for individuals aged 18 years or older. The absence of studies showing harm in conjunction with the substantial number of articles showing benefits support the consideration of boron supplementation of 3 mg/d for any individual who is consuming a diet low in fruits and vegetables or who is at risk for or has osteopenia; osteoporosis; OA; or breast, prostate, or lung cancer.


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Figure 1

Structure of boric acid.

Go to:


1. Nielsen FH, Hunt CD, Mullen LM, Hunt JR. Effect of dietary boron on mineral, estrogen, and testosterone metabolism in postmenopausal women. FASEB J. 1987;1(5):394–397. [PubMed]

2. Nielsen FH. Is boron nutritionally relevant? Nutr Rev. 2008;66(4):183–191. [PubMed]

3. Beattie JH, Peace HS. The influence of a low-boron diet and boron supplementation on bone, major mineral and sex steroid metabolism in postmenopausal women. Br J Nutr. 1993;69(3):871–884. [PubMed]

4. Hunt CD. The biochemical effects of physiologic amounts of dietary boron in animal nutrition models. Environ Health Perspect. 1994;102(suppl 7):35–43. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

5. Gorustovich AA, Steimetz T, Nielsen FH, Guglielmotti MB. A histomorphometric study of alveolar bone modelling and remodeling in mice fed a boron-deficient diet. Arch Oral Biol. 2008;53(7):677–682. [PubMed]

6. Nielsen FH, Stoecker BJ. Boron and fish oil have different beneficial effects on strength and trabecular microarchitecture of bone. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2009;23(3):195–203. [PubMed]

7. Hakki SS, Bozkurt BS, Hakki EE. Boron regulates mineralized tissue-associated proteins in osteoblasts (MC3T3-E1) J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2010;24(4):243–250. [PubMed]

8. Blech MF, Martin C, Borrelly J, Hartemann P. Treatment of deep wounds with loss of tissue: value of a 3 percent boric acid solution [in French] Presse Med. 1990;19(22):1050–1052. [PubMed]

9. Benderdour M, Van Bui T, Hess K, Dicko A, Belleville F, Dousset B. Effects of boron derivatives on extracellular matrix formation. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2000;14(3):168–173. [PubMed]

10. Nzietchueng RM, Dousset B, Franck P, Benderdour M, Nabet P, Hess K. Mechanisms implicated in the effects of boron on wound healing. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2002;16(4):239–244. [PubMed]

11. Ying X, Cheng S, Wang W, et al. Effect of boron on osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow stromal cells. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011;144(1–3):306–315. [PubMed]



Boron in Food

Boron content in food

Boron content of some common foods
Food Boron concentration in mg/kg, fresh weight basis
Hunt et al. (1991) Anderson et al. (1994b)
Apple, red with peel, raw 2.73 2.38
Apple juice 1.88 2.41
Apple sauce 2.83 1.04
Banana, raw 3.72
Cherries, dark 1.47 0.92
Grape juice 2.02 2.06
Orange juice 0.41 1.59
Peaches, canned 1.87
Pears, canned 1.22
Dried fruits
Dates 9.2
Prunes 27 21.5
Raisins 25 19.0
Beans, green 0.46 1.56
Broccoli, flowers 1.85
Broccoli, stalks 0.89
Lettuce, iceberg <0.015
Carrots, canned 0.75
Almonds 23
Hazelnuts 16
Peanuts 18 13.8
Beef, round, ground, raw <0.015 <0.05
Chicken, breast, ground, raw <0.015 0.09
Turkey breast <0.015
Milk & milk products
Cheese, cream <0.015 0.19
Milk, 2% <0.015 0.23
Cereal grain products
Bread, white, enriched 0.20 0.48
Cornflakes fortified 0.31 0.92
Flour, wheat, white 0.28
Noodles,egg, dry, enriched 0.37
Rice, white, instant <0.015
Spaghetti, dry, enriched <0.015
Catsup 0.85 1.39
Eggs, homogen-ized <0.015 0.12
Honey 7.2 6.07
Jelly, strawberry 0.41
Jelly, grape 1.47 1.86
Sugar, white <0.015 0.29
Beverages Boron concentration in µg/ml
Wine 3.5
Beer 1.8 0.13

Source & © IPCS Environmental Health Criteria for Boron (EHC 204), chapter 5.2.4 “Dietary intake” 

The Top Boron-Rich Food Sources

Boron Rich Foods

The Top 27 Boron Food Sources

Boron occurs in various forms in fruits, vegetables, and nuts. Read the following table on the top boron sources:

Food Boron in mg/100g Measure Unit Food Boron in mg /100g Measure Unit
Raisins 4.51 (2/3) Cup Peach 0.52 (1/2) Cup
Almond 2.82 (2/3) Cup Celery 0.5 1 Cup
Hazelnuts 2.77 (2/3) Cup Grapes (red) 0.5 1 Cup
Apricots (dried) 2.11 (1/2) Cup Honey 0.5 (1/3) Cup
Peanut Butter 1.92 (3/8) Cup Olive 0.35 (7/10) Cup
Brazil Nuts 1.72 (3/4) Cup Apple (red) 0.32 (7/10) Cup
Walnut 1.63 (3/4) Cup Pear 0.32 (1/2) Cup
Beans (red kidney) 1.4 (1/2) Cup Broccoli 0.31 (1/2) Cup
Prunes 1.18 (3/4) Cup Carrot 0.3 (2/3) Cup
Cashew Nuts (raw) 1.15 (7/10) Cup Orange 0.25 (1/2) Cup
Dates 1.08 (1/2) Cup Onion 0.2 (2/3) Cup
Wine (Shiraz Cabernet) 0.86 (3/8) Cup Potato 0.18 (1/2) Cup
Lentils 0.74 (1/2) Cup Banana 0.16 (1/3) Cup
Chickpeas 0.71 (1/2) Cup

Boron is a trace mineral that plays a role in a variety of health mechanisms. The best plant-based boron sources are dried fruit, nuts, veggies… and even wine! Discover the top nutrient-dense foods with boron in our comprehensive 27 item list

Let’s dive into each of these foods and see why they’re so beneficial to your bone and overall health.

Raisins, 4.51 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Another demonstration that Mother knows best! Your mom may have put tiny red raisin boxes in your elementary school lunch. In addition to being potassium-rich, raisins are high in fiber, magnesium, and iron.

Almonds, 2.82 mg of Boron/ 100 g

King Tut chose almonds to take to his grave in 1352 B.C. And for good reason. He believed they’d sustain him on his journey to the afterlife. Almonds are full of boron, magnesium, and phosphorus. So almonds are excellent for us on THIS life journey. They help build and maintain strong teeth and bones.

Hazelnuts, 2.77 mg of Boron/ 100 g

First Nations people in North America have a rich tradition of healing with nuts, berries, and roots. It’s said that they would brew tea with hazelnuts to treat hives and fever. Rich in magnesium, hazelnuts also increase bone mass. So they can contribute to osteoporosis prevention and treatment.

Dried Apricots, 2.11 mg of Boron/ 100 g

During the drying process, some vitamins such as vitamin C are lost. But the GREAT news is that other nutrients become more concentrated (proteins and minerals, including calcium and zinc for your bones). Eat this dried fruit and you’ll get 4x more energy than from fresh fruit. Be careful not to eat too much, as it expands in your tummy.

Peanut Butter, 1.92 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Unsweetened, low-salt peanut butter is your friend. Full of vitamin E (an antioxidant), magnesium (good for bones), potassium (good for muscles), vitamin B6 (good for immunity), and more. Eating 2 tablespoons a day might even reduce the risk of diabetes and other chronic diseases by almost 30%!

peanut butter - boron rich foods

Brazil Nuts, 1.72 mg of Boron/ 100 g

While they’re technically seeds, we’ll call them nuts like everyone else does! Eat these raw or blanched to get their full benefit. The oil tastes wonderful drizzled on a salad, and the oil has many of the same nutrients as the flesh. High in minerals (especially selenium) brazil nuts may reduce inflammation. Eating one or two brazil nuts per day is actually plenty – and more is not necessary as it may put you above the recommended daily intake…and in some cases cause toxicity.

Walnuts, 1.63 mg of Boron/ 100 g

If they were good enough for the ancient Roman gods… they’re good enough for us! To get 95% of the RDA of omega 3 fatty acids, just eat 1/4 cup of walnuts. Due to the anti-inflammatory nature of EFAs (essential fatty acids), walnuts benefit cardiovascular health, cognitive functions, skin and hair, blood pressure, adrenal and thyroid activity, and even blood clotting.

Red Kidney Beans, 1.4 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Mineral-rich and low in fat, a half-cup serving will give you roughly 7-8 grams of protein. You’ll also get iron, calcium, potassium, magnesium, and more. The best news is that kidney beans may reduce inflammation. Beans do contain a substance called phytates that may interfere with the absorption of calcium. However, you can reduce the phytates in beans by soaking them in water for a few hours and then cooking them in fresh water.

Prunes, 1.18 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Grandma used to give us prunes to help with bowel movements. But prune juice is also a good source of potassium. In fact, you can get 707 mg in just one cup of the fruit or juice! But there’s more than digestive benefits: Prunes also benefit osteoporosis and bone health. Prunes are rich in bone-friendly nutrients like copper, vitamin K, and of course– boron. In fact, they have such a nice combination of these nutrients that scientists are noticing the impact on bone mineral density. A recent study showed a group of osteopenic women eating prunes for 1 year had “significantly” higher bone mineral density in the ulna and lumbar spine than those eating dried apple at the same time.

Prunes and osteoporosis

Raw Cashew Nuts, 1.15 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Never mind the fat content– the nutrition in cashews more than makes up for it.  Significant amounts of calcium, magnesium, and potassium all help to prevent bone loss. Yet, even more, minerals like calcium, together with vitamin K, help shield you against bone fractures and osteoporosis.

Dates, 1.08 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Dried dates are chewy, sweet and oh so healthy! Use dried dates in baking instead of refined sugar. They are just as sweet, tastier, and create awesome texture. They’re good on their own too. More exciting is the high amount of minerals, vitamins, antioxidants, and more. Excellent for your bones and even bowel movements!

Shiraz Cabernet Wine, 0.86 mg of Boron/ 100 g

For those of you who need an excuse: research suggests wine could benefit our bones. Some are better than others— but (sorry white fans) it’s got to be red! Some red wines contain polyphenols and other powerful antioxidants. Wine expert Roger Corder says certain types of Cabernet Sauvignon contain beneficial concentrations of antioxidants. So what this means is that about 3-5 glasses of red wine a week may be even better than you thought. It may help reduce the risk of rheumatoid arthritis, increase bone mass and prevent fractures. However, moderation should always be kept in mind :).

Lentils, 0.74 mg of Boron/ 100 g

A Sicilian superstition says to eat lentils on New Year’s Eve for good luck and fortune. But to truly benefit, keep eating lentils for the rest of the year. That’s because lentils are rich in nutrients, and especially B vitamins, iron, potassium, calcium, and magnesium. No wonder they symbolize wealth! Lentils can help in calcium absorption and reinforce bone integrity.

Lentil salad - boron rich food

Chickpeas, 0.71 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Vegetarians value chickpeas- the main ingredient in falafel- which is known as a source of protein.  But you can benefit from many other nutrients too.  For example, minerals like iron, calcium, magnesium and vitamin K all help build and maintain bones.

Peaches, 0.52 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Your jaw bone’s connected to your… peaches? Concentrated phosphorous in peaches helps strengthen bones, including your jaw bone. Phosphorus works with calcium to keep your bones strong, possibly preventing osteoporosis.

Celery, 0.5 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Celery is known as a crunchy, low-calorie vegetable. However, it’s also rich in vitamin K, boron, and molybdenum – a nutrient that has been associated with longevity.

Red Grapes, 0.5 mg of Boron/ 100 g

The market price of copper spiked so high a few years ago that thieves started to target industrial copper from public places. But a better way to get rich from copper is to eat red grapes. They also contain iron and manganese. These 3 nutrients contribute to bone health.

Honey, 0.5 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Honey proves to be more than just a sweet treat and a healthy alternative to sugar. Research out of Purdue University shows that amino acids in honey may actually help your body absorb more calcium. This means that honey may help to prevent brittle bones.

honey - boron rich food

Olives, 0.35 mg of Boron/ 100 g

The father of modern medicine, Hippocrates used olive oil to treat at least 60 conditions. Good on more than salads, olives are rich in antioxidants — including oleocanthal. This helps fight inflammation, which can wreak havoc in our bodies. Within a joint, it often wears down bone cartilage.

Red Apples, 0.32 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Turns out the adage “An apple a day…” might even protect your bones! High amounts of antioxidants, vitamin C, and other nutrients including boron are in the whole fruit (many are in or just under the skin). Experts say apples also benefit your lungs and cardiovascular system and lower the risk of asthma, stroke, cancer, and osteoporosis!

Pears, 0.32 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Pears are noble warriors. Here’s why: if pears could talk, their battle cry would be “we fight against 3 C’s and a K!” (chronic disease, cancer, constipation, kidney stones). They’re high in boron, vitamins C + K, phytonutrients, and fiber.

Broccoli, 0.31 mg of Boron/ 100 g

This delicious, versatile food is outstanding in many ways. Here’s one that’s of particular interest to us: Just one cup of broccoli contains 175 mg of calcium and is high in antioxidants. As good raw, as it is cooked, this superfood helps build bones and fight cancer.

Carrots, 0.3 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Raw or cooked? We used to believe we must eat most vegetables raw to get their full nutritional value.Research now shows some veggies actually increase their nutrient content when cooked. Antioxidant properties in carrots are one example. Whether raw or cooked, carrots contain a significant amount of bone-building calcium, magnesium, and phosphorous.

Oranges, 0.25 mg of Boron/ 100 g

A frosty glass of freshly squeezed OJ tastes sensational! But knowing what vitamins and minerals you’ll get is the best part. Vitamin C builds collagen, which in turn builds connective tissues and strong bones. What’s more, one of the bioflavonoids in orange peel extract is known to be anti-inflammatory.


Onions, 0.2 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Can’t stand the smell of raw onion? Cooked ones might also do wonders for your bones. Research showsa steady diet of onions for older women may decrease their risk of hip fracture by more than 20%.Another study showed GPSC (gamma-glutamyl-propenyl-cysteine sulfoxide) in onions prevents loss of calcium and other minerals.

Potatoes, 0.18 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Richer in protein than other roots and tubers, potatoes are rich other ways too.  Besides containing several micronutrients and antioxidants, there are notable levels of vitamin C, B1, B3, and B6. Potatoes even provide bone-healthy minerals such as potassium, phosphorus, and magnesium!

Banana, 0.16 mg of Boron/ 100 g

Delicious in cereal, smoothies, ice cream.…or alone as a snack. In addition to containing boron, bananas are also rich in bone-healthy potassium, vitamin C, and much more.

Recommended Daily Intake of Boron

No recommended dietary allowance has been established. However, research shows more than 3 mg per day is needed to guarantee health benefits.

The U.S Department of Agriculture, however, recommends the following for the Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (UL) of boron. UL is used to caution against excessive intake of nutrients that can be harmful in large amounts. The UL is considered to be the highest level of daily nutrient intake to be safe or cause no side effects (in 97.5% of healthy individuals in each sex group and life-stage).

Age, Pregnancy or Lactation Upper Limit of Boron
1-3 years old 3 mg/day
4-8 years old 6 mg/day
9-13  years old 11 mg/day
14-18 years old 17 mg/day
19-50 years old 20 mg/day
Pregnant women (over 18 years old) 17-20 mg/day
Breastfeeding women (over 18 years old) 20-25 mg/day

Boron is commonly found in soil and water and is essential for animals and humans.

But due to mass-production farming techniques, boron (and other minerals) have been drastically depleted from the foods we eat.

Combine this drop with North Americans’ penchant for minerally-vacant fast-food and processed foods, and it’s understandable how our diet is selling us short. And this shortfall can lead to potentially dangerous deficiencies.

How To Achieve Sufficient Boron Levels For Good Health

Don’t be fooled by the micro-size of this trace mineral. Because boron is a micro piece of the puzzle that’s been missing. The bone health puzzle.

Researchers got excited when the results came in. They saw what test after test meant for boron. No longer limited to industrial use, it looked like boron might be useful for every class of disease.

We now know boron is linked with lower risks of cancer and other diseases. And that’s not all. This trace mineral is critical to our health in so many ways. Solid research shows boron can help:

  • Heal wounds
  • Improve brain function
  • Reduce urinary calcium loss
  • Prevent Vitamin D deficiency
  • Increase magnesium absorption
  • Decrease inflammation in osteoarthritis
  • Aid in short-term memory of older adults
  • Prevent/treat prostate, cervical, and lung cancers
  • Increase efficiency of estrogen, testosterone, and Vitamin D
  • Osteoporosis

Here’s more good news. Medline Plus reports boron also might regulate hormones, reduce menopausal symptoms, prevent blood clots and reduce psoriasis.

Boron for Bone Health

Boron is a therapeutic powerhouse that’s believed to be critical to your bones’ metabolism. This trace mineral lets you not only grow and maintain healthy bones, but joints benefit from boron too. Not only that— it may even prevent osteoarthritis.

Eating foods high in boron— fruits, veggies, and nuts— is a good start. But it’s not nearly enough.  Even with the additional trace amounts, we get from water, soil, and air, it’s difficult to guarantee you’re getting enough.

But, high-quality supplements can ensure you get the optimal amount of boron daily.

In fact, AlgaeCal Plus contains 3mg of boron in a daily serving.

And that’s just one of the important nutrients behind the superfood plant calcium we discovered that’s helping people like you get back their enjoyable, pain-free lives. And on their own terms… limited neither by arthritic pain nor fear of bone loss or breakage.

Remember all the things you did 15 years ago?  While you can’t turn back time, you can regain your health thanks to the right nutrient complex.

It starts with the proper nutrient source of course. And that’s where your typical calcium supplement falls flat. You see, limestone-sourced calcium, which has long been the standard source of calcium supplementation, is ineffective. It contains inorganic calcium and perhaps a trifling amount of vitamin D or magnesium. Meanwhile, AlgaeCal Plus has the world’s only USDA certified organic raw calcium. It also gives you magnesium, vitamin C, vitamin D3, vitamin K2, boron, potassium, and over 70 other trace minerals.

You might wonder where on earth we managed to find organic, raw calcium. The fact is, the nutrients in AlgaeCal Plus naturally occur in a unique strain of South American marine algae called Lithothamnion superpositum. What this means for you is that when you ingest AlgaeCal Plus you get all the nutrients mentioned above at full bio-availability.

And science backs up AlgaeCal Plus’s effectiveness. In fact, one 12 month study showed 414 postmenopausal women who take AlgaeCal Plus enjoyed- at the lowest– a 1.3% bone density increase at year’s end. And this was at a time when all the women should have lost about 1% bone density thanks to lagging bone metabolism!

But what about beyond a year? Could AlgaeCal Plus consistently increase bone density in spite of bone’s postmenopausal fate? As of February 2016 in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition, the answer is a resounding “yes”.

172 women in their mid-60s saw a 7.3% increase in bone density over 7 years taking AlgaeCal Plus (and it’s bone-building sidekick Strontium Boost). The women saw a consistent 1% increase on average each year. What’s more, there were no reported side-effects.

No other calcium supplement on earth can claim to increase bone density- let alone consistently– like AlgaeCal Plus.

Are you ready to get back your enjoyable, pain-free life? To run, cycle, or dance your way through an active new chapter in your life? Or simply play with your grandchildren in the park again? That’s what AlgaeCal helps bring you every day. Take a look here for more information on our guaranteed Bone Builder Pack.

In 2013, a hypothesis suggested it was possible that boron and molybdenum catalyzed the production of RNA on Mars with life being transported to Earth via a meteorite around 3 billion years ago.[130]

There exist several known boron-containing natural antibiotics. The first one found was boromycin, isolated from streptomyces.[131][132]

  1. ^ “Primordial broth of life was a dry Martian cup-a-soup”. New Scientist. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
  2. ^ Hütter, R.; Keller-Schien, W.; Knüsel, F.; Prelog, V.; Rodgers Jr., G. C.; Suter, P.; Vogel, G.; Voser, W.; Zähner, H. (1967). “Stoffwechselprodukte von Mikroorganismen. 57. Mitteilung. Boromycin”. Helvetica Chimica Acta. 50 (6): 1533–1539. doi:10.1002/hlca.19670500612. PMID 6081908.
  3. ^ Dunitz, J. D.; Hawley, D. M.; Miklos, D.; White, D. N. J.; Berlin, Y.; Marusić, R.; Prelog, V. (1971). “Structure of boromycin”. Helvetica Chimica Acta. 54 (6): 1709–1713. doi:10.1002/hlca.19710540624. PMID 5131791.
  4. ^ Vithana, En; Morgan, P; Sundaresan, P; Ebenezer, Nd; Tan, Dt; Mohamed, Md; Anand, S; Khine, Ko; Venkataraman, D; Yong, Vh; Salto-Tellez, M; Venkatraman, A; Guo, K; Hemadevi, B; Srinivasan, M; Prajna, V; Khine, M; Casey, Jr.; Inglehearn, Cf; Aung, T (July 2006). “Mutations in sodium-borate cotransporter SLC4A11 cause recessive congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy (CHED2)”. Nature Genetics. 38 (7): 755–7. doi:10.1038/ng1824. ISSN 1061-4036. PMID 16767101.



Top Health Benefits of Boron

Active couple jogging - Benefits of Boron

Over the last decade, scientific research has started to reveal the importance of boron for overall health.

The health benefits of boron have been associated with improved brain function, arthritis relief, and increasing magnesium absorption.

Boron is also beneficial for your bones and joints, too. Studies have shown that boron plays an essential role in keeping your bones and joints functioning optimally by helping your body metabolize important minerals such as calcium.

The “boron vitamin” as it’s commonly referred, is actually a trace mineral. Boron allows certain nutrients within your body to perform at their best.

In the past, humans and animals were able to get the micronutrient boron through the foods they eat. Now, due to mass production farming techniques, the foods we eat aren’t getting as much from the soil and water as it used to. In other words, while you may be eating a similar diet to what your parents ate, it’s providing you with less of what you need.

So how do you compensate for a lack of boron?

You can try to incorporate the top boron-rich foods into your diet, such as almonds, avocados, and bananas. Although, supplementing with boron will ensure you’re making up for the shortfall of your diet.

Research has shown that you need at least 3 mg of boron per day to see benefits for a number of ailments. Fortunately, AlgaeCal Plus provides this in a daily dose – along with plant-based calcium, magnesium, vitamin K2, vitamin D3, vitamin C and additional bone-supporting trace minerals like selenium, vanadium, and silica. Discover more about this clinically proven bone building supplement.

But what are some of the surprising ways boron can improve your overall well-being?

The 12 Surprising Benefits of Boron You Didn’t Know Of

Improves Brain Function

A controlled dietary study was done on older men and women to determine whether boron is an essential nutrient for humans. Although more testing needs to be done, the study showed some very promising results.

The men and women involved in the study were given boron at various mg dosages (ranging from 0.25mg to 3.25mg). After just 63 days brain function in the individuals who consumed 3.25mg had significantly improved.

The study suggests that boron is important for both mineral metabolism and membrane function.

Boron has been proven to aid in overall cognitive performance. If you’re like most people, you are probably worried about depleting brain function as you age.

Boron can help the following issues and more:

  • Manual Dexterity
  • Eye-Hand Coordination
  • Short-Term Memory
  • Long-Term Memory

With results like that, it’s easy to see why many doctors and scientists have decided that boron is an essential nutrient for humans. Check out this related article on 27 Boron-Rich Food Sources to learn how you can get your daily dose of boron.

Reduces Osteoarthritis Symptoms

An estimated 54.5 million US adults have been diagnosed with some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia by their healthcare provider. As you age, the statistics get higher and higher. That’s why it’s so important to tackle the root cause of arthritis before it’s too late.

To put things plainly, arthritis is caused by inflammation in your joints. Inflammation can cause other problems too like:

  • Joint Pain
  • Muscle Stiffness
  • Redness or Swelling
  • Severe Headaches
  • And, even loss of joint function

Inflammation occurs when your body’s defense system releases white blood cells into your system by mistake.

Luckily for you, boron has plenty of anti-inflammatory qualities. Boron limits the release of certain chemicals that can leak into your joints, causing pain and swelling.

The most common form of arthritis among adults is osteoarthritis. Many published clinical studies have shown promising results when it comes to boron and bone health. Boron is able to control inflammation associated with bone mineral density that causes harmful osteoarthritis.

In fact, it has been prescribed in Europe since the early 1970’s specifically for the treatment of osteoarthritis.  And in some patients who have taken boron, their osteoarthritis symptoms have not only been lessened but been relieved altogether.

Prevents and Treats Yeast Infections with Boric Acid

Boric acid is derived from boron and has loads of antimicrobial properties making a natural alternative to harsh chemicals when treating yeast infections. Boric acid works to kill and inhibit harmful bacteriathrough a broad range of antimicrobial functions. Not only that, but it helps disturb the synthesis (production) of said bacteria.

A recent study on the yeast C. albicans suggests that the toxicity levels of boric acid impairs the yeast from being broken down and absorbed into your body. You can even purchase boric acid capsules over the counter if you have, or think you may be getting a yeast infection.

Although it’s not 100% effective for every woman, some studies suggest boric acid works for 70 out of 100 women. If you’re looking for a safe, natural way to treat your yeast infection, you may want to consider the benefits of boric acid.

Helps Metabolize Insulin

Those who suffer from hyperinsulinemia or diabetes can benefit from consuming more boron too. It turns out, boron deficient diets can cause these crushing illnesses over time.

When the levels of insulin circulating in your blood are higher than the required glucose levels, it can lead to big problems down the road. After a while your body becomes less sensitive to insulin, thus not meeting your body’s needs.

If your healthcare provider has suggested you may be at risk for insulin-related diseases, you may want to look into adding more boron into your regime.

Boron helps your body metabolize insulin and may help reduce the amount required to maintain optimal plasma glucose based on several animal studies. With the help of boron and a healthy diet, you can keep your blood sugar levels exactly where you want them.

Helps with Kidney Stones  

If you have or have ever had kidney stones, you know just how painful they can be. That’s why doctors are constantly searching for new, pain-free treatment options.

Boron seems to have a positive role in kidney stone removal. Urinary calcium excretion has a big impact on kidney stone formation and size.  Boron (in doses of 3 mg per day) reduces this excretion, leading to less painful stones.

One clinical trial followed the treatment of a man with severe kidney stones. After supplementation of boron and antioxidants, he was able to successfully pass his stones with minimal pain and bleeding due to the reduction in size.

Boron is an essential nutrient for plants, animals, and humans. However, our bodies are unable to produce it on their own. We have to get our boron solely from our diet but having too little can be a problem and so can having too much.

Aware of that, we made sure to include 1.5mgs of body-friendly boron in each serving of AlgaeCal Plus…leaving no stone or bone unturned.

Supports Metabolic Processes

Boron is an incredibly versatile nutrient. Depending on how you use it, it can be helpful for everything from bone growth to wound healing and even helps metabolize other vital nutrients you need such as magnesium.

Did you know just a 3% solution of boric acid in a deep wound reduces time spent in intensive care by two-thirds?

Boron increases the half-life as well and the bioavailability of other supplements you may be taking through its production of estrogen and other vital hormones. Boron allows your body to work smarter, not harder.

Benefits of Boron Infographic

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Protects Against Oxidative Stress

Oxidative stress means there is an imbalance between the production of free radicals and the ability of your body to detoxify their harmful effects. In layman’s terms, your body makes too many free radicals and can’t get rid of them fast enough.

So, what’s so bad about oxidative stress anyway?

Well, oxidative stress can be extremely harmful to your overall well-being over time. If you don’t get it under control, it can lead to one (or many) of the following conditions:

  • Neurodegenerative Diseases (ie. Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s)
  • Certain Cancers
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • Heart or Blood Vessel Disorders

In animal studies, boron not only decreased induced oxidative stress, but it increased the antioxidant defense mechanisms of the animals and regenerated damaged tissues in their liver, kidneys, and brain.

Essentially, boron stops free radicals in their tracks by attaching a donated electron without risking harm on itself. At the same time, boron boosts your immune system to stop production of unhealthy free radicals.

Prevents Vitamin D Deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency can happen in a number of ways. Even if you get plenty of sunlight, you may be surprised to learn your vitamin D levels aren’t up to par.

Perhaps you don’t get enough from food sources. Or, maybe you take medications that interfere with your ability to convert or absorb it. You can even have a vitamin D deficiency if you’re overweight or obese.

Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to a plethora of nasty diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, and loss of bone density.

Calcium and vitamin D work hand in hand to prevent these health issues and more. Your body needs vitamin D to absorb calcium. Meanwhile, if your body doesn’t get enough calcium from food sources or supplementation, your body will be forced to take it from the only place it can find it. Your bones.

Clinical studies have demonstrated that boron supports healthy bones by increasing serum levels of calcium absorption. In a recent study, 90% of Vitamin D deficient patients who took a 6 mg boron supplement experienced a whopping 24% increase in Vitamin D-3 serum levels in only 60-days.

In a study conducted by Dr. Hector De Luca, Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin – Madison, bone ash measurements reflect a significant trend toward elevations when boron is administered to Vitamin D deficient rats.

Equivalent of Boron per 70kg (mg)
FIGURE – Bone Ash Increased 5.8% after 8 weeks of feeding boron to Vitamin D Deficient Rats

Vitamin D deficient animals are used in research for the investigation and discovery of novel anti-osteoporotic treatment. Using this model, an 8-week treatment with boron increased bone mineral content by 5.8% as measured by bone mass. This result suggests that boron may increase bone strength. Find out more information on boron and bone health.

May Increase Estrogen Levels

When most people think of the hormone estrogen, they think of mood swings, hot flashes, and fatigue. While it’s true, low estrogen levels can cause all of these things, estrogen plays an important role throughout your body.

Did you know estrogen affects the following body processes as well?

  • Healthy Bone Metabolism
  • Regulation of Food Intake
  • Maintaining Body Weight
  • Glucose Levels
  • Insulin Sensitivity

As you can see, maintaining a healthy level of estrogen is important to health for both men and women for a variety of reasons.

If your doctor has diagnosed you with low estrogen, you may want to consider adding boron to your daily routine.

One controlled study showed promising results when it comes to boron and boosting estrogen levels in postmenopausal women. Twelve women were given diets with both boron and estrogen supplementation resulting in an increase in short-term estrogen levels. Afterward, the same women were given diets with only estrogen supplementation with lesser results even long-term.

May Increase Testosterone

Age-related testosterone decline has become increasingly common. Low testosterone in both men and women can cause adverse health risks.

To keep your body operating at an optimal level, you can try adding boron supplementation to your daily routine.

Boron works in several ways to make your testosterone work for you, instead of against you.

Testosterone levels more than doubled when boron supplementation was given to those with previously low-boron diets in one study. The same study showed a higher conversion rate of total testosterone to important free testosterone, after only one week.

Essentially, boron increases your level of testosterone and helps convert it into something your body can use.

Testosterone is proven to increase muscle mass, sharpen memory and concentration, libido, and improve energy levels, so boosting it naturally and safely with the aid of boron should be considered a no-brainer.

May Prevent Cancer

Nearly everyone has been affected by cancer in one way or another. It’s not a fun subject for many. However, more and more scientific research is coming out with promising ways to stop cancer in its tracks.

Recently, boron has been in the line of sight for many prominent researchers.

Population studies have found an inverse association between dietary boron and prostate, cervical and lung cancers.  And, cell culture studies have shown that boron actually inhibits the growth of some types of prostate and breast cancer cells.

An ongoing 10-year study was started to determine the correlation between boron, hormone replacement therapy and lung cancer in women. It was determined that those with lower boron levels (among both smokers and non-smokers) had significantly higher risk of lung cancer.

According to this third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), boron helps facilitate hormone action associated with some types of cancers, including prostate. Less than 1 mg of boron daily boron intake inhibits the health benefits of boron, making supplementation important.

While more trials still need to be done, boron is looking pretty promising as a cancer preventative when consumed correctly.

Supports Bone Density

Boron can affect the strength of bones and joints. Adding boron to your daily routine can not only increase the cell-survival rate in your bones but can actually be used as regenerative medicine for bone formation.

According to one long-term study, boron works on the molecular level to rapidly increase the number of cellular proteins through osteoblast. Simply put, boron helps regulate proteins by allowing cells to secrete at a higher-density rate. Thus, giving you stronger bones.

But, the restorative process doesn’t last forever. To keep your bones and joints strong and healthy, you may want to consider a daily dose of boron.

Scientists have known for years the importance of boron for bone health. Studies have shown that a natural bone-building supplement with the addition of boron, improved bone density in as little as 6 months!

Boron plays an integral part in supporting healthy bones since it supports the functions of calcium, magnesium, and vitamin D. Calcium loss and bone demineralization can be put on hold with a daily dose of boron.

The USDA did an experiment involving postmenopausal women and how boron affects bone density. It turns out, boron also has an important role when it comes to osteogenesis (how your body makes collagen). Collagen is a necessary protein for strong, healthy bones.

The same study showed with boron supplementation, daily urinary excretion of calcium was reduced by a whopping 44%. That means, calcium stays in your body longer.

The take-home lesson is that adequate boron intake is essential to preserving the body’s stores of bone-building calcium and magnesium.

Over time, boron deficiency can lead to osteoporosis.

Your bones constantly need to be regenerated. When the cycle of creating new bones doesn’t keep up with the removal of old bone tissue, your bones become weak and brittle. With the aid of boron consumption, you can renew the cell structure of your bones quickly and effectively through calcium absorption.

If you have any of the following predetermined risk factors for osteoporosis, you may want to think about boron supplementation.

  • You’re a woman.
  • You are of white or Asian descent.
  • You have a parent or sibling with osteoporosis.
  • You have a smaller stature.

As you age, the risk of osteoporosis increases as well. Add more boron to your daily routine to prevent bone-related diseases so you can live your life to the fullest.


The Top Food Sources of Boron

Your body doesn’t produce boron on its own. But the good news is, there are many foods you can add to your diet to increase your intake of boron.

As plants grow, they absorb boron through the soil and water. Some boron-rich foods include dried fruit and nuts, but for a complete list, check out the 27 Boron-Rich Foods You Need to Know.

How to Take Boron Safely

Although there hasn’t been a specific dietary guideline established for boron, less than 1 mg per day is considered inadequate. Research suggests 3 mg per day is necessary for its beneficial health effects.

Over-consumption of boron is unlikely. Toxicity levels for the average adult are upwards of 17 mg-20 mg of boron per day according to the Food and Nutrition Board. Even getting 3 mg of boron through food sources per day would prove to be a challenge.

In fact on the topic of toxicity, boron has even been shown to reduce toxicity levels of heavy metals such as:

  • Arsenic Trioxide
  • Colloidal Bismuth Subcitrate
  • Cadmium Chloride
  • Mercury Chloride
  • Lead Chloride

As you can see, the trace mineral boron has many surprising health benefits for both men and women suffering from a variety of ailments.

So to ensure you are getting enough to reap its benefits, try AlgeaCal Plus. A daily dose (4 capsules) provides 3 mg of boron – and all 13 clinically proven bone-supporting nutrients in their proper proportions, the way nature intended. Try AlgaeCal Plus today!


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