The Salt of Life: The good and the bad.

Salt is essential for Life. In this blog-article, i will first review toxic and devitalized salts (Section A). In contrast, i will follow-up with a description of healthy salts and their many Benefits (Section B). And before concluding, i will review the importance of salt’s biochemistry for optimal human wellbeing. (Section C)

Section A

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Salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), it is present in salt mines like for the pink himalayan salt and in vast quantities in seawater, where it is the main mineral constituent. Celtic grey salt. Salt is essential for life in general, and saltiness is one of the basic human tastes. Salt is one of the oldest and most ubiquitous food seasonings, and salting is an important method of food preservation.

Salt became an important article of trade and was transported by boat across the Mediterranean Sea, along specially built salt roads, and across the Sahara on camel caravans. The scarcity and universal need for salt have led nations to go to war over it and use it to raise tax revenues.

Salt is processed from salt mines, and by the evaporation of seawater (sea salt) and mineral-rich spring water in shallow pools. Table salt which usually contains an anti-caking agent and may be iodised to prevent iodine deficiency.

Sodium is an essential nutrient for human health via its role as an electrolyte and osmotic solute.[1][2][3] Excessive salt consumption may increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension, in children and adults. Such health effects of salt have long been studied. Accordingly, numerous world health associations and experts in developed countries recommend reducing consumption of popular salty foods.[3][4] The World Health Organization recommends that adults should consume less than 2,000 mg of sodium, equivalent to 5 grams of salt per day.[5]

Sodium (salt) is an ancestral condiment that has been keep in evolution and survival. Humanids who did not get enough salt, usually inland did not survive as lont as hominids close to the sea where salt and iodine where present in abundance. (Source). Today, it is estimated that human needs about one gram per day. Yet, most Americans will consume much more and the American Cardiology Association has indicated that this excess is a major contributor to high blood pressure, and therefore CVD. On the other hand, in Europe, studies have shown that those who have more salt have a better health and cardiovascular system. (Source).

It is thus legitimate to ask whether quantity is impacted by quality ? And there may be a genetic aspect where some people need more salt than others. In this Presentation, we will elucidate this question.


Bad Salts

Devitalized Table salt

The table salt found in most homes, restaurants, and processed food is void of nutritional value and lacks beneficial trace minerals.



Thomas, Pat. “What Type of Salt Is Best?” The Ecologist. 17 June 2009. Web. 14 Mar.2017.

Many people are unaware that common table salt is processed with questionable chemicals

Mercer, Don. “Yikes! There’s Sugar in Our Salt.” International Union of Food Science And Technology. International Union of Food Science & Technology. Web. 14 Mar. 2017.

and dried at more than 1,200° Fahrenheit—a process that disrupts its natural chemical structures.

Arya, Jitendra. “Food Is Your Medicine.” Pune: Dr. Arya Publications, 2014. Print

The average American consumes 3,400 mg of sodium chloride a day, over 1,000 mg more than the recommended limit.

Get the Facts: Sodium and the Dietary Guidelines.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Apr. 2

he body cannot dispose of it in a natural, healthy way, which can lead to tissue irritation, water retention, and high blood pressure.

Conclusion: processed table salt is energetically dead, as its crystals are completely isolated from one another. For the body to metabolize chemical table salt, it must expend lots of of energy to keep the body in a state of optimum fluid balance. This creates a burden on the body’s elimination systems as water is removed from other cells in an attempt to neutralize the unnatural, processed salts.

Hendel, Barbara, and Peter Ferreira. “Water & Salt: The Essence of Life, the Healing Power of Nature.” Switzerland: Michaels Verlag, 2007. Print.

Polluted Sea Salts

Pollutants, in particular micro plastics.

The researchers purchased various salt products from a market in Malaysia, but the actual sea salt in each product had been extracted from different countries including Australia, France, Iran, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Portugal and South Africa.

The salt extracted from France was the only brand that was not contaminated with microplastic.

Of the plastic particles extracted from the salt, 41.6 percent was identified as plastic polymers, 23.6 percent were pigments and 5.50 percent were amorphous carbon. Researchers could not identify the remaining 29.1 percent. The particles came in the form of plastic fragments, filaments and film.

Section B

Good Salts.

Celtic sea salt is comparable to Himalayan crystal salt in its composition and health benefits, but it’s a completely different salt that comes from a different source (Brittany, France), has a different color (grayish) and a different mineral makeup.

In addition to sodium and chloride, Celtic Sea Salt® provides other nutrients that naturally occur in salt beds, including trace amounts of calcium, magnesium potassium, iron and zinc.

In accordance with standards set by The World Health Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization, independent analysis indicates that levels of heavy metals are non-detectable (e.g. arsenic, cadmium, mercury) or well below published safe limits in Celtic Sea Salt®. Perhaps most importantly, Celtic Sea Salt® is not exposed to refinement and bleaching used to manufacture typical table salt and there are no additives. Celtic Sea Salt® is harvested from the ocean using the sun, the wind and shallow clay ionizing ponds, a method passed down through the generations.


[2] These processes in the body, especially in the brain, nervous system, and muscles, require electrical signals for communication. The movement of sodium is critical in the generation of these electrical signals. Too much or too little sodium therefore can cause cells to malfunction, and extremes in the blood sodium levels (too much or too little) can be fatal

As scientific research has pointed out, “US Dietary Guidelines recommend a daily sodium intake 2300 mg, but evidence linking sodium intake to mortality outcomes is scant and inconsistent.” (

Top 5 Benefits of Pink Himalayan Salt

1. Improves Respiratory Problems

According to the Lung Institute, salt is antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, loosens excessive mucus and speeds up mucus clearance, removes pathogens in the air like pollen, and decreases IgE level (immune system oversensitivity). (7)

If you Google “Himalayan salt cave,” you see that there are now salt caves made of Himalayan salt all over the country (and world) so people can experience the beneficial health effects, especially when it comes to the respiratory system.

There is actually a term for this type of natural treatment. It’s called halotherapy. Derived from the Greek word for salt, “halos,” halotherapy or salt therapy is the inhalation of micronized dry salt within a chamber that mimics a salt cave. Studies have shown halotherapy to be a highly effective drug-free part of successfully treating chronic bronchitis. (8)

2. Balances Body’s pH

Pink Himalayan sea salt’s rich mineral content can help balance your body’s pH levels. You may think this is no big deal, but when your pH has a healthy acid-to-alkaline ratio, it makes a huge difference in your overall health. A proper pH helps foster your immunity and encourage good digestion. Since pink Himalayan salt contains sodium as well as other electrolytes, it has a direct effect on the pH of your blood.


3. Natural Digestive Aid

You can use pink Himalayan salt to make your own sole, a saturated solution containing purified water and Himalayan salt. Sole is very similar to my salt water flush recipe, in which you can use pink Himalayan salt to help you obtain all the many possible benefits of a salt water flush.

According to natural health practitioners like Dr. Mark Sircus, an acupuncturist and doctor of oriental and pastoral medicine, a dose of sole each day can really help the digestive system in major ways. He says that “daily use of sole is believed to stimulate the peristalsis of the digestive organs, balance the stomach acid, support the production of digestive fluids in the liver and pancreas, regulate the metabolism and harmonize the acid-alkaline balance.” (9)

4. Air Purifier

When pink Himalayan salt is used to create a lamp, it just may provide your home or office with cleaner air. One of the main Himalayan salt lamp benefits is its supposed ability clean the air. How? By its inherent nature as a salt, the lamp (which is a block of pure pink Himalayan salt) attracts water vapor to it as well as air pollutants. The water vapor evaporates due the lamp’s heat, but the dust and allergens remain in the salt instead of getting into your body. (10)

5. Better Sleep Inducer

Himalayan sea salt is said to help encourage better, more restful sleep due to its high mineral content. It may be hard to believe, but eating enough salt in your diet daily is actually key to a good night’s rest as a natural sleep aid.

Research way back in 1989 showed that low-sodium diets can cause disturbed and irregular sleep patterns. The study was small, but the results were very interesting. Subjects on low-sodium diets (around 500 milligrams a day) woke up during the night almost twice as often and got about 10 percent less sleep than those on a normal diet (2,000 milligrams of sodium a day). A high-sodium diet (5,000 milligrams a day) led to even longer sleep than the normal diet with fewer nighttime wakings.

As Dr. Michael V. Vitiello, the director of the Sleep and Aging Research Program at the University of Washington in Seattle, keenly points out, “low levels of sodium in the blood cause blood volume to decrease, and the sympathetic nervous system becomes more active in order to compensate. That causes sleepers to wake up more often and have difficulty going back to sleep.” (11)

Many also believe that natural Himalayan crystal salt offers health benefits such as:

•Regulating water levels in the body

•Promoting stable pH balance

•Encouraging healthy blood sugar levels

•Reducing the appearance of aging

•Promoting cellular hydroelectric energy balance

•Aiding vascular health

•Supporting healthy respiratory function

•Promoting overall sinus health

•Reducing cramps

•Promoting healthy sleep patterns

•Encouraging healthy libido

•Promoting kidney and gallbladder health

Merrell, Alicia. “Eat Smart, Live Long There Is No Diet That Can Do What Healthy Eating Can.” N.p.: Xlibris, 2016. Print.

Hendel, Barbara, and Peter Ferreira. “Water & Salt: The Essence of Life, the Healing Power of Nature.” Switzerland: Michaels Verlag, 2007. Print.

French Celtic Salts

Quinton Salt-base

Himalayan Crystal Salt



The Health Benefits

Himalayan crystal salt has matured over the past 250 million years under intense tectonic pressure in an environment that’s free of toxins and impurities.[1] 

Even better, this form of salt contains about 80 natural minerals and elements used by the human body.[2] It’s popular in Ayurvedic, Tibetan, and other traditions. Adherents believe that Himalayan salt’s unique cellular structure allows it to store vibrational energy.

Unprocessed salt, such as my particular favorite, pink Himalayan salt, has a different balance of sodium and chloride with added natural minerals your body also requires, such as phosphorus and vanadium.21 These other minerals are what color the salt pink.

Himalayan salt is mined from salt beds created long before plastic and other toxic chemicals were manufactured. When the ocean beds were lifted, as the Himalayan mountains were formed, these salt beds rose from the sea and were later protected by lava and covered in snow and ice for thousands of years. Compared to the salt mined from oceans laden with persistent organic pollutants and microparticles of plastic, Himalayan salt is by far your best option when you want to reduce your toxic loa

These tiny bits of plastic contaminants are called microplastics and there’s a number of ways they can end up in the ocean. Most obviously, microplastics can be the result of plastic trash, like shopping bags and cellophane packaging, fragmenting repeatedly in the environment into microscopic bits. But they can also enter the water system when you do your laundry. When you wash clothing made from synthetic fibers, like fleece jackets made from recycled plastic water bottles, it sheds bits of plastic lint that go down the drain and eventually end up in the bellies of fish and, as we now know, our salt shakers.

Section C

The Biochemistry of Salt

Real salt (of various kinds) contains plenty of magnesium and other important minerals, which is why it usually does not affect blood pressure in a negative way.[1]

Sodium is an essential nutrient required by the body for maintaining levels of fluids and for providing channels for nerve signaling. Some sodium is needed in your body to regulate fluids and blood pressure, and to keep muscles and nerves running smoothly.

Without appropriate amounts of sodium, your body may have a difficult time cooling down after intense exercise or activity. When the body is hot, you sweat. If you do not have enough sodium, your body may not sweat as much and you may then become overheated. This could result in a stroke or exhaustion as well as dehydration.

Sodium is an energy carrier. It is also responsible for sending messages from the brain to muscles through the nervous system so that muscles move on command. When you want to move your arm or contract any muscle in your body, your brain sends a message to a sodium molecule that passes it to a potassium molecule and then back to a sodium molecule etc., etc., until it gets to its final destination and the muscle contracts. This is known as the sodium-potassium ion exchange. Therefore, without sodium, you would never be able to move any part of your body.

Excess sodium (such as that obtained from dietary sources) is excreted in the urine.[2] Most of the sodium in the body (about 85%) is found in blood and lymph fluid. Sodium levels in the body are partly controlled by a hormone called aldosterone, which is made by the adrenal glands. Aldosterone levels determine whether the kidneys hold sodium in the body or pass it into the urine.

How’s Your Sodium/Potassium Balance?

It’s generally recommended that you consume five times more potassium than sodium, but most Americans eat twice as much sodium as potassium. If you’re eating mostly processed foods and few fresh vegetables, your sodium-to-potassium balance is virtually guaranteed to be inversed. Imbalance in this ratio not only can lead to high blood pressure but also contribute to a number of other health problems, including:

Kidney stones

Memory decline



Erectile dysfunction

Stomach ulcers

Rheumatoid arthritis

Stomach cancer

What’s Your Best Salt Option: quality and quantity ?

If you believe eating high amounts of salt would increase your thirst or your blood pressure, you are likely wrong. Studies have consistently failed to support these assertions.

Instead, your body needs both the sodium and chloride ions that make up salt and is unable to produce either, so you must get it from your food.

However, not all salt is created equally.


Plastic Microparticles Linked to Liver Toxicity

A study demonstrated the accumulation of chemical pollutants absorbed into plastic microparticles increase liver toxicity and pathology in the marine animals that eat them.

When fish were fed similar plastic particles that had not absorbed additional chemical toxins, they also showed signs of stress but significantly less severe than those fed chemically laden fragments. Bioaccumulation of plastics and toxins is common in marine animals as both the plastics and the contaminants are resistant to metabolic or mechanical breakdown.

In another study evaluating the presence of microfibers in researchers found 83 percent of the samples collected from a dozen different nations were contaminated with plastic fibers. The U.S. had the highest contamination rate; plastic fibers were found in 94 percent of the sites sampled, including Congress buildings, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s headquarters and Trump Tower in New York.

Many of the traditionally attributed health benefits of Himalayan salt have yet to be scientifically established, but regardless of what salt you choose, it is clear that controlling your sodium intake can have a huge impact on your health and well-being.


UN Declares War on Ocean Plastic

Researchers believe the majority of plastic pollution originates from single-use plastics and microfibers. Currently, nearly 13 tons of plastic enter the oceans each year. This is equivalent to dumping a garbage truck full of plastic into the ocean every minute.8 If change doesn’t occur, this may mean up to two garbage trucks full of plastic being dumped into the ocean every minute.

In response to the rising problem, the United Nations (U.N.) Environment announced a major global effort to end marine pollution tagged #CleanSeas.9 The campaign is urging governments around the world to pass plastic reduction policies, mandate redesign of products and call on consumers to change their habits — all before further irreversible damage is done to the seas.


City health czar Dr. Thomas Farley is warring with a noted scientist over sodium in the same medical journal where Farley trumpeted the city’s war on salt.

“We cannot extrapolate that lowering sodium consumption would reduce cardiovascular risk or premature death,” declared Dr. Sean C. Lucan of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in this month’s American Journal of Public Health.

“Despite assertions to the contrary,” Lucan wrote — citing an anti-salt screed by Farley and a colleague from September — “we do not know that reducing mean population sodium intake would decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease or save lives.”

The city launched its salt plan in 2010, with the goal of a 25 percent reduction of salt in packaged foods and restaurants by 2014.

The sodium scheme, called the National Salt Reduction Initiative, is voluntary.

Lucan told The Post the city’s salt war is “misguided” — and potentially dangerous.

“We can’t just swallow this as fact — there’s actually debate about this.


The presence of microplastics in commercial salts from different countries

Ali Karami, Abolfazl Golieskardi, Cheng Keong Choo, Vincent Larat, Tamara S. Galloway & Babak Salamatinia

Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 46173 (2017)


Download Citation

Environmental impactEnvironmental monitoring


25 November 2016


09 March 2017

Published online:

06 April 2017

Corrigendum (26 June 2017)


The occurrence of microplastics (MPs) in saltwater bodies is relatively well studied, but nothing is known about their presence in most of the commercial salts that are widely consumed by humans across the globe. Here, we extracted MP-like particles larger than 149 μm from 17 salt brands originating from 8 different countries followed by the identification of their polymer composition using micro-Raman spectroscopy. Microplastics were absent in one brand while others contained between 1 to 10 MPs/Kg of salt. Out of the 72 extracted particles, 41.6% were plastic polymers, 23.6% were pigments, 5.50% were amorphous carbon, and 29.1% remained unidentified. The particle size (mean ± SD) was 515 ± 171 μm. The most common plastic polymers were polypropylene (40.0%) and polyethylene (33.3%). Fragments were the primary form of MPs (63.8%) followed by filaments (25.6%) and films (10.6%). According to our results, the low level of anthropogenic particles intake from the salts (maximum 37 particles per individual per annum) warrants negligible health impacts. However, to better understand the health risks associated with salt consumption, further development in extraction protocols are needed to isolate anthropogenic particles smaller than 149 μm.


Redmond Real Salt is mined in the United States and is another good unrefined salt that I also recommend. It can be used as a table salt and for cooking and is available in coarse and fine grinds and in a variety of sizes.

Real Salt comes from a mineral rich salt deposit formed by an ancient sea in Utah. It contains 62 trace minerals, and is without additives, chemicals, or heat processing of any kind. Real Salt’s unique pinkish appearance and flecks of color come from the more than 60 naturally occurring trace minerals. The result is a delicate “sweet salt” flavor that you may not have experienced before.

Special Note: I was very disappointed to hear Dr. Max Gerson’s daughter Charlotte Gerson saying, “That sodium is never good, never in any form!” I have put Gerson in the best light in my writings and his organization does hold the high ground for organic raw juicing but there are some things they say that have no grounding in medical science or clinical reality




Professor Joubert teaches in different parts of the world how to extend a healthy Lifespan to 120 years and beyond. Working on a Documentary and book that redefines Medicine in light of new discoveries, ancient wisdoms, innovative research and holistic science, he can be nonetheless available to coach patients back to homeostasis, wellbeing & Joie de Vivre. On occasion, Pr. Joubert can also coach health professionals to better protect their holistic practice when they must deviate from outdated and irrational mainstream “standards of care”. See links on “Contact” and “Mission” (under the “About” link) for details.

Posted in Basic Science, Bio-Chemistry, Clinical Trials & Controversies, Cardiovascular Events, Detoxification, Chelation Salt, Water & Fasting, Improved Mediterranean Diet, LifeStyle, Naturopathic and Holistic Medicine, Nutrition, Superfoods, Intestinal Flora, Food Diets, Allergies, Molecular Mimickry

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